Agaricus blazei Murill
Also known as Royal Sun Agaricus or ABM
Agaricus Blazei is one of the most amazing mushrooms discovered. It is sure to revolutionize the human body’s natural ability to heal itself in the next few years. It is as important a finding as was penicillin in the 1920’s.
Modern research is showing that the benefits of this mushroom are amazingly positive! The largest and most complete trials today are being done in China and Japan. There is a delay in these reports being widely circulated in America due to the language difference. As we have these studies translated, we will be posting them. For the latest research information, be sure to check out Pub Med to see what the official US Govt. National Library of Health archives show.
There are several active ingredients that have been identified in Agaricus blazei. Some of the more important of these are the following;
Beta-(1-3)-D-glucan, Beta-(1-4)-a -D-glucan & Beta – (1-6)-D-glucan. Known collectively as Beta-glucans, these substances are the most powerful immuno-potentiating (immune enhancing) substances yet found. It is thought by most scientists that the the beta-glucans do not directly cause the effects, but rather they trigger the body’s own immune response. This is relatively easy to measure, as the human body produces blood cells known as Natural Killer cells. When human subjects are given BLAZEI in their diet, a 3000% increase of NK cells in the blood is seen within 2-4 days.
Ergosterol derivatives, also known as provitamine D2 is a potent protective agent.
Double stranded RNA – Anti-viral agent.
Proteoglucans and Protein bound Polysaccharides (low molecular weight) – Immune enhancement
Protein bound polysaccharides of high molecular weight (referred to in the literature as “ATOM”) – provide a host-mediated response in tests conducted at the Mei University School of Medicine in Japan. (ATOM)
There are undoubtedly many more substances found in these mushrooms with direct health supporting properties. As time and research goes on, we will update this site with the latest info.
Cultivation of Agaricus Blazei
This mushroom was first identified to modern science in 1917 from a specimen found in Louisiana by the mycologist R. Murrill. It has been found on the grasslands of Florida and South Carolina, but is generally thought to be extremely rare in nature. The only place that it has been found readily growing in nature is a small area of Brazil. This is the Piedate region southwest of San Paulo, which is where most of the worlds supply is grown today. [update: May 2004 – The strains found in Brazil are now classified by some mycologists as a different species. It remains to be seen whether the North American and South American varieties will turn out to be strains of the same species or end up with different Latin names. The debate rages…]
Just like any other living thing, there is a significant difference in the mushrooms’ properties and qualities, depending on how and where it is grown. Perhaps the most important difference, with regards to what chemical constituents are found in the mushroom, has to do with what type of substrate it is grown on. Agaricus blazei is a secondary saprophite. This means it grows off of material that is already being broken down by other organisms. Because of this characteristic, almost all Agaricus blazei today is being grown on composted straw/cow manure. This is the material of choice for growing the common white button mushroom that you see in the grocery store. We are growing it differently in Hawaii, however. Our research shows that the best quality mushrooms, with by far the most Beta-glucan content, is grown directly on grain. Specifically, organic sorghum and millet grain. Our Hawaii grown Agaricus blazei mushrooms are also probably the largest in the world today, with an average size of 6-8 inches across the cap and an average weight of about half a pound each. See the picture at the top of this page and compare that with others you find on the internet! Picture of Agaricus blazei grown on grain and Another photo of giant blazei! While growing these on organic grain is certainly not the cheapest way to do it, we think it is worth it. We are dedicated to producing the very finest quality Blazei possible.
Mushroom farmers have done much research to determine the optimum conditions under which to grow this mushroom. Agaricus blazei is now being grown by just a few farmers outside of Brazil, mostly in China and Japan. There are also a few farmers in the United States who are growing this mushroom indoors under controlled atmospheric conditions. We have grown this mushroom in Hawaii both indoors under controlled conditions and outdoors. It is very obvious to us that the best quality mushrooms are produced indoors. This determination is based both upon laboratory test results and the size and flavor of the mushrooms grown indoors. With indoor cultivation, we are able to completely control the climatic conditions: temperature, humidity, air flow, CO2 levels, even the amount and quality of light and the lighting cycle itself. All of these parameters are set to develop the highest quality mushrooms. When cultivated outdoors, the grower is subject to the vagaries of nature. Sometimes good mushrooms are produced, sometimes not. Generally though, the overall quality of the mushrooms are less predictable when grown outdoors. Be aware that there is a great variation in the quality of health supplements on the market. Make sure that any Agaricus blazei you purchase is tested and standardized to insure the highest possible beta-glucan content.
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- January 27, 2008 / 5:17 pm